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Federal Republic of Nigeria
Flag of Nigeria Coat of arms of Nigeria
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Anthem: "Arise, O Compatriots"Template:Parabr
Largest city Lagos
Official languages English
Regional languages[2] Over 525 languages[1]
Demonym Nigerian
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic
 •  President Bola Tinubu
 •  Vice President Kashim Shettima
 •  Senate President Godswill Akpabio
 •  House Speaker Tajudeen Abbas
 •  Chief Justice Olukayode Ariwoola
Legislature National Assembly
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
 •  Northern Nigeria Protectorate 1 January 1900 
 •  Southern Nigeria Protectorate 1 January 1900 
 •  Unification of Nigeria 1 January 1914 
 •  Declared independent as a sovereign state 1 October 1960 
 •  Became a republic 1 October 1963 
 •  Current constitution 29 May 1999 
 •  Total 923,769 km2 (31st)
356,667 sq mi
 •  Water (%) 1.4
 •  2023 estimate Template:IncreaseNeutral 230,842,743 (6th)
 •  Density 249.8/km2 (42nd)
647/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2023 estimate
 •  Total Increase $1.365 trillion (27th)
 •  Per capita Increase $6,147 (143rd)
GDP (nominal) 2023 estimate
 •  Total Template:Decrease $390.002 billion (39th)
 •  Per capita Template:Decrease $1,755 (154th)
Gini (2020)Template:DecreasePositive 35.1
HDI (2021)Increase 0.535
Template:Color · 163rd
Currency Naira (₦) (NGN)
Time zone WAT (UTC+01:00)
Drives on the right
Calling code +234
Internet TLD .ng

Nigeria (Listeni/nˈɪəriə/) is a federal republic of 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory located in West Africa. Nigeria is a constitutional Federal Republic with one federal constitution, one bicameral federal legislature (with the upper as the Senate and the lower as the House of Representatives), one federal head of state who is also the head of government, one currency, one God (the Abrahamic God of the two Faith's of Christianity and Islam), one destiny.

See also



  1. Blench, Roger (2014). An Atlas Of Nigerian Languages. Oxford: Kay Williamson Educational Foundation. 
  2. "Languages of Nigeria". Ethnologue. 

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