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Dhaka is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. Situated on the banks of the Buriganga River, a tributary of the Ganges Delta, Dhaka is the cultural, economic, and political heart of Bangladesh. Its history, vibrant culture, and bustling streets make it one of the most dynamic cities in South Asia.


Dhaka has a storied past that spans over a millennium. The earliest references to the area date back to the 1st millennium CE, when it was known as Bikrampur. In the early 17th century, the Mughal Emperor Jahangir granted the area to Islam Khan Chishti, who established it as a provincial capital and named it Dhaka. Under Mughal rule, Dhaka flourished as a center of trade, commerce, and administration.

During the British colonial period, Dhaka emerged as a major hub for the textile industry, earning it the nickname "Manchester of the East." The city played a pivotal role in the struggle for independence, culminating in the declaration of Bangladesh's independence on March 26, 1971.


Covering an area of 306.38 square kilometers, Dhaka is located in the heart of the Bengal Delta. The city's landscape is characterized by its network of rivers, canals, and wetlands. Despite its urban sprawl, Dhaka is surrounded by lush greenery, including parks and gardens, providing respite from the hustle and bustle of city life.


Dhaka's economy is diverse and rapidly growing, driven by sectors such as textiles, garments, pharmaceuticals, and information technology. The city is home to the Dhaka Stock Exchange, the largest stock market in Bangladesh, and hosts numerous multinational corporations and financial institutions. Despite its economic success, Dhaka faces challenges such as poverty, inequality, and infrastructure deficits.


Dhaka is a melting pot of cultures, with influences from Bengali, Mughal, and British traditions. The city's architectural landmarks, such as the Lalbagh Fort and Ahsan Manzil, reflect its rich history. Dhaka is also known for its vibrant street life, with bustling markets, colorful rickshaws, and street food stalls lining its narrow lanes. The Bengali language, literature, and music are integral parts of Dhaka's cultural identity, with festivals such as Pohela Boishakh (Bengali New Year) celebrated with great fervor.


Dhaka's transportation infrastructure is a mix of modern and traditional modes of travel. The city is served by an extensive network of roads, including expressways and flyovers, though traffic congestion is a persistent issue. Public transportation options include buses, minibusses, and auto-rickshaws, which are a ubiquitous sight on Dhaka's streets. The city is also connected to the rest of Bangladesh by rail and air, with Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport serving as the main gateway for domestic and international flights.


Dhaka boasts a thriving educational sector, with institutions ranging from primary schools to universities. The University of Dhaka, founded in 1921, is the oldest and most prestigious university in Bangladesh. Other notable institutions include Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka Medical College, and Bangladesh University of Professionals. Education is highly valued in Dhaka, and the city attracts students from across the country and abroad.


Despite its chaotic charm, Dhaka remains an underrated destination for travelers. Visitors to the city can explore its historic landmarks, vibrant markets, and cultural attractions. Must-see sights include the National Parliament House, Liberation War Museum, and Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban. Food enthusiasts can indulge in Dhaka's diverse culinary scene, sampling local delicacies such as biryani, pitha, and hilsa fish curry. While tourism infrastructure in Dhaka is still developing, the city's warmth and hospitality make it a rewarding destination for intrepid travelers.

See also


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