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The term Indian encompasses a multifaceted array of cultural, historical, and social dimensions deeply intertwined with the vast subcontinent of India and its people. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas to the sun-drenched beaches of the Indian Ocean, India's geographical expanse mirrors its kaleidoscopic diversity, offering a tapestry of languages, traditions, religions, and customs unrivaled anywhere else in the world. Home to over 1.3 billion inhabitants, India stands as the world's largest democracy and a vibrant mosaic of ethnicities, encompassing a rich tapestry of peoples, including indigenous groups, migrants, and descendants of ancient civilizations. This complexity extends beyond its borders, as the Indian diaspora, spread across every corner of the globe, carries with it the legacy of millennia-old cultures, traditions, and values, shaping societies and enriching global discourse in profound ways. Through its millennia of history, India has been a crucible of human civilization, fostering philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that continue to resonate across continents and centuries. From the ancient wisdom of the Vedas to the modern innovations of its bustling metropolises, India's influence reverberates through time, inviting exploration, celebration, and appreciation of its unparalleled contributions to the world stage.

Indian may refer to:

Ethnicity and nationality

Indian people Indian people are citizens of India, the second-most populous country in the world. They belong to various ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups, contributing to the rich cultural diversity of the nation. Indian people have made significant contributions to various fields including literature, science, technology, politics, and the arts.

Indian diaspora The Indian diaspora refers to people of Indian origin who have settled in countries outside of India, often as a result of historical migration patterns, economic opportunities, or educational pursuits. The Indian diaspora is widespread and has contributed to the cultural, social, and economic landscapes of many countries around the world.


Indian cuisine Indian cuisine encompasses a wide variety of regional and traditional dishes, characterized by the use of diverse spices, herbs, vegetables, and grains. It varies greatly across different regions of India, reflecting the country's diverse geography, climate, and cultural influences.

Indian music Indian music has a rich history spanning classical, folk, and contemporary genres. Classical Indian music, including Hindustani and Carnatic traditions, is known for its intricate melodies, rhythms, and improvisational techniques. Bollywood music, a popular genre of Indian film music, has gained international recognition for its catchy tunes and vibrant rhythms.

Indian cinema Indian cinema, often referred to as Bollywood, is the world's largest film industry in terms of the number of films produced annually. Bollywood films are known for their colorful aesthetics, melodramatic storytelling, and elaborate musical sequences. Indian cinema also includes regional film industries such as Tamil, Telugu, and Bengali cinema, each with its own distinct style and cultural significance.

Religion and spirituality

Hinduism Hinduism is the predominant religion of India, with millions of followers worldwide. It is characterized by a diverse array of beliefs, practices, and traditions, including the worship of various deities, rituals, and philosophical teachings.

Buddhism Buddhism originated in ancient India and has had a profound influence on Indian culture and spirituality. It emphasizes the principles of non-violence, compassion, and mindfulness, and has spread to many parts of Asia and beyond.

Sikhism Sikhism emerged in the Punjab region of India in the 15th century and is based on the teachings of Guru Nanak and other Sikh gurus. It emphasizes the equality of all people, service to others, and devotion to one God.


Indian economy The Indian economy is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, driven by a diverse range of industries including information technology, manufacturing, agriculture, and services. India is also a major player in the global outsourcing market, particularly in the areas of software development, business process outsourcing, and knowledge process outsourcing.

Indian startups India has emerged as a vibrant hub for startups, with a thriving ecosystem of entrepreneurs, investors, and incubators. Indian startups operate in diverse sectors such as e-commerce, fintech, healthcare, and education, and have attracted significant investment from both domestic and international sources.


Government of India The Government of India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic, consisting of the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, and the Council of Ministers. It operates within the framework of the Constitution of India, which was adopted in 1950.

Indian politics Indian politics is characterized by a multi-party system, with a wide range of political parties representing various ideologies and interests. Elections are held regularly at the national, state, and local levels, and voter turnout is often high.