Anne Matthew

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Anne Matthew
Other names Anne Austen
Known for a sister-in-law of Jane Austen
Sex Female
Spouse James Austen

Anne Matthew was a sister-in-law of Jane Austen, becoming the first wife of her eldest brother James Austen, in 1792. [1][2] She bore one child, prior to her death, in 1795, Jane Anna Elizabeth Austen, known as Anna.

Her grandfather was the 2nd Duke of Ancaster.[3] Her mother, Lady Jane Bertie, married Edward Mathew, an Army officer, who rose to the rank of General, and who finished his career as Commander in Chief of the Windward and Leeward Islands, and Goveror General of Grenada.

Some scholars assert her father, General Mathew, inspired her sister-in-law Jane's character of the avaricious and unpleasant General Tilney in her novel Northanger Abbey.[4]

References

  1. Felicity Day (2020-01-20). "Why did Jane Austen’s talented brother end up forgotten by history?". The Telegraph. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/books/authors/did-jane-austens-talented-brother-end-forgotten-history/. "I've always felt sympathy for one of Jane Austen’s brothers. James, the so-called writer of the family, was not the author's confidant like Cassandra, not her favourite brother, not even the most professionally distinguished. He was, like Mary, outdone by his siblings on almost every count." 
  2. Zöe Wheddon (2021). "Jane Austen's Best Friend: The Life and Influence of Martha Lloyd". Pen and Sword History. ISBN 9781526763822. https://books.google.ca/books?id=LP0hEAAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=zoe+wheddon&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjRobHv2dL1AhWRmGoFHV8wAiAQ6AF6BAgZEAI#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 2022-01-27. 
  3. Rory Muir (2019). Gentlemen of Uncertain Fortune. Yale University Press. pp. 4-5. ISBN 9780300244311. https://books.google.ca/books?id=gmawDwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=gentlemen+of+uncertain+fortune&hl=en&newbks=1&newbks_redir=0&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=gentlemen%20of%20uncertain%20fortune&f=false. Retrieved 2022-12-02. "James Austen had the prospect of inheriting a fortune from his maternal uncle, and would certainly inherit his father's living at Steventon in a few years time. But when he married he had only a meagre income, which General Mathew supplemented with an allowance of 100 pounds a year." 
  4. "Jane Austen 200th anniversary". history.ac.uk. 2017-07-18. Archived from the original on 2021-04-13. https://web.archive.org/web/20210413073415/https://blog.history.ac.uk/2017/07/jane-austen-200th-anniversary/. Retrieved 2021-02-20. "Jane Austen, Dominic Serres, Princess Olive of Cumberland, Graf von Moltke: Unexpected encounters of an interesting kind is an article by Chris Birch in Geneologists’ Magazine (32:4), which charts a surprising family history that traces the author’s heritage from sugar plantations in St Kitts back to James Austen, Jane’s eldest brother. It is thought that the character General Tilney in Northanger Abbey was based on James’ father-in-law, General Edward Mathew."