1904 Toronto municipal election

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Municipal elections were held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, on January 1, 1904. Thomas Urquhart was acclaimed to a second term. 1904 was the first time the Toronto Board of Control, the executive committee of Toronto, was directly elected, after the Ontario legislature passed a law requiring municipal boards of control to be chosen through direct election by the municipality's voters.[1] Previously, Toronto City Council chose four alderman to sit on the body, which would be chaired by the mayor.[2]

Toronto mayor

Thomas Urquhart - acclaimed

Source: [2]

Board of Control

Four members of the Toronto Board of Control were directly elected for the first time. Previously, Controllers were four alderman chosen by city council, with Aldermen Loudon, Oliver, Burns and Richardson being appointed to the outgoing Board of Control.[3] Seven of the eight candidates were sitting aldermen: First Ward Alderman Richardson, Second Ward Aldermen Spence and Oliver, Third Ward Alderman Loudon, Fourth Ward Aldermen Burns and Hubbard, Fifth Ward Alderman Starr. The eight candidate, John Shaw, was a former mayor. Several months after the election, Controller Richardson resigned after his election agent was charged with accepting bribes from the Toronto Railway Company, a private streetcar company. Shaw was then elected to the Board of Control in a by-election.[2][4]

William Peyton Hubbard, whose parents were slaves who had fled to Toronto through the Underground Railroad, was the first person of colour to be elected to Toronto City Council and was one of the first Black people to be elected to any office in Canada. As of 2020, he is the only person of colour to be elected to city-wide office in Toronto.[5]

Frank S. Spence - 12,294
John F. Loudon - 11,121
William Peyton Hubbard - 8,950
Fred H. Richardson - 8,923
William Burns - 8,641
James Russell Lovett Starr - 8,639
Joseph Oliver - 8,598
John Shaw - 7,184

Source: [2]


A plebiscite was held on a by-law granting $50,000 towards the creation of a sanatorium for the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.[6]

Sanatorium by-law
For - 4,131
Against - 3,681

Source: [2]

City council

Map of Toronto's six wards (1892-1909), published in The Globe, 1 January 1892.

Three aldermen were elected to Toronto City Council per ward. This was reduced from four aldermen per ward, previously.

First Ward (Riverdale)
Daniel Chisholm (incumbent) - 1,347
William Temple Stewart (incumbent) - 1,211
Robert Fleming (incumbent) - 1,163
James Wilson - 749
John Preston - 530
Second Ward (Cabbagetown and Rosedale)
Emerson Coatsworth - 1,845
Dr. John Noble (incumbent) - 1,362
Thomas Foster (incumbent) - 1,358
David Carlyle - 1,136
Edward Strachan Cox - 984
John W. Mogan - 800
W.A. Douglass - 707
Third Ward (Central Business District and The Ward)
Joseph George Ramsden (incumbent) - 2,191
Oliver Barton Sheppard (incumbent) - 2,098
George Reginald Geary - 1,716
George McMurrich - 1,604
Arthur Callow - 432
Fourth Ward (Spadina)
James Crane - 1,857
Stephen Alfred Jones - 1,850
Dr. William S. Harrison (incumbent) - 1,829
Stephen Wellesley Burns - 1,549
Robert Crawford Vaughan - 1,535
Edward James Hearn - 802
Albert Edward Hacker - 546
Charles Hambly - 230
Edmund Schilling - 105
Fifth Ward (Trinity-Bellwoods)
Frank Woods (incumbent) - 2,039
William Bell (incumbent) - 1,576
John Dunn (incumbent) - 1,511
John Bell Hay - 1,246
Alexander Stewart - 1,067
Peter Whytock - 1,003
Wellington O. McTaggart - 510
David Clark - 244
Sixth Ward (Brockton and Parkdale)
Jonn Joseph Ward (incumbent) - 1,581
James Henry McGhie (incumbent) - 1,446
John James Graham (incumbent) - 1,340
Dr. Adam Lynd (incumbent) - 1,219
Samuel Scott - 752

Source: [2] and [7]


Results taken from the January 2, 1904 Toronto Globe and might not exactly match final tallies.

  1. Template:Cite canlaw
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 FEW SURPRISES IN TORONTO CIVIC ELECTIONS: Spence, London, Hubbard, Richardson, Controllers Only Four Men in the New Council Who Were Not in the Old They Are Coatsworth, Geary, S, A. Jones and Crane The Election For the New Board of Education Resulted in Return of Many Public School Trustees-- Mr. B. E. Walker Elected by a Handsome Majority, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]02 Jan 1904: 5
  3. "FIRST MEETING OF NEW COUNCIL: Board of Control Elected on the First Ballot THE MAYOR'S INAUGURAL Wm. Burns, Loudon, Oliver and Richardson Mayor Urquhart Urges More Power For the Board of Control-- The Standing Committees and Their Chairmen", The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]13 Jan 1903: 4
  4. SHAW AND RICHARDSON: ONLY TWO CANDIDATES IN THE BYE-ELECTION Ex-Ald. Denison Retires in Favor of Ex-Mayor Shaw-- Ex-Controller Richardson's Explanations-- Ex- Mayor Shaw Opposes Party Politics in Municipal Affairs, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]23 Apr 1904: 16.
  5. "City's political class remains mostly colourless", Royson, James. Toronto Star; Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]19 Feb 2015: GT.2.
  6. "THE SANITARIUM GRANT: CAMPAIGN OPENED TO EXPLAIN AND FORWARD IT Speeches by Controller Richardson, Dr. Barrick, Rev. Dr. Eby and Others-- Stereopticon Views Shown of Voting in Council, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]12 Dec 1903: 28
  7. ALDERMANIC NOMINATIONS: Forty-two Candidates in the Six Wards EIGHTEEN TO BE ELECTED Breezy Discussions of Many Civic Issues Ward Meetings Well Attended-- Work of This Year's Council Generally Commended-- Cattle Market the Issue in the Fifth Ward, The Globe (1844-1936); Toronto, Ont. [Toronto, Ont]24 Dec 1903: 9.

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